Looking to buy a Hybrid electric vehicle?
Learn the Advantages of Hybrid Cars & How do they work?
Hybrid electric vehicles are all the rave, but what are they really all about? Read on to learn about how hybrid cars work, the advantages of hybrid cars, what makes the best hybrid car and how to compare hybrid cars. Already in the know and searching for hybrid vehicles for sale in Edmonton? Check out Toyota on the Trail’s hybrid cars for sale on our new or used vehicle pages or contact us for more hybrid vehicle information.
A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more distinct power sources to move the vehicle. The term most commonly refers to hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), which combine an internal combustion engine and one or more electric motors.
Gas-powered versus Electric-powered Vehicles
A gas-powered vehicle has a fuel tank, which supplies gasoline to the engine. The engine then turns a transmission, which turns the wheels. An electric vehicle, on the other hand, has a set of batteries that provides electricity to an electric motor. The motor turns a transmission, and the transmission turns the wheels. A gas-powered car produces a relatively large amount of pollution and generally gets poor gas mileage. An electric vehicle, however, produces almost no pollution, but it can only go 80 to 161 km between charges. The hybrid is a compromise. It attempts to significantly increase the mileage and reduce the emissions of a gas-powered vehicle, while overcoming the shortcomings of an electric car.
HEVs fall into three classifications: mild, full and plug-in.
A mild hybrid vehicle relies on the internal combustion engine to provide constant power for moving the vehicle. With a mild hybrid, the electric drive motor acts to assist the engine when extra power is needed, but is incapable of propelling the vehicle alone.
With a full hybrid vehicle, the electric drive motor, the internal combustion engine and battery system allow the hybrid vehicle to be powered solely by the electric motor under certain operating conditions, generally low speed maneuvering and light cruising. When additional power is needed, the engine kicks in and both power plants work together to propel the vehicle.
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is a regular hybrid vehicle that has a large high-capacity battery bank that can be recharged by plugging into a normal household current, as well as using the onboard charging capabilities of standard hybrids. While normal hybrids require a combination of regenerative braking and energy from the engine to recharge the batteries and propel the vehicle, plug-ins can essentially operate as electric vehicles with an internal combustion engine backup.
The Benefits of a Hybrid Vehicle
Hybrid vehicles are beneficial to your wallet and the environment as they achieve better fuel economy and reduce emissions. These savings are primarily attained by three elements of a typical hybrid design. First, by relying on both the engine and the electric motors for peak power needs, hybrids sport a smaller engine designed for average use rather than peak power usage, which in turn typically has less internal losses and is lighter. Secondly, hybrid vehicles have a significant battery storage capacity to store and reuse recaptured energy, which comes in handy in stop-and-go, city traffic. Lastly, hybrids recapture significant amounts of energy during braking that are normally wasted as heat. Basically, hybrid vehicles are an environmental-friendly way to save you money on the cost of gas.
Compare our hybrid cars – Learn about the Toyota highlander hybrid & the Camry & Prius
Toyota’s newest generation hybrid vehicles offer the most desirable features of both a gasoline engine and an electric motor system. Currently, Toyota’s hybrid lineup consists of the Prius, Prius c, Prius v, Camry Hybrid and Highlander Hybrid.
The Toyota Prius is the only hybrid on the road that has a 3rd generation hybrid system. With more than 2,000,000 Prius’ sold worldwide, it’s safe to say that Prius is the most popular hybrid on the road. At a mere 3.7L/3.8L per 100 km (city/combined), the Toyota Prius gives you fuel economy that is unmatched by any vehicle of its size. It’s also one of the only cars on the road to achieve a Tier2Bin3 emissions rating.
The Toyota Camry Hybrid’s already impressive fuel efficiency now rises to the top of the class with its all-new model earning combined fuel consumption ratings of 4.7L/100km for Hybrid LE and 4.9L/100km for XLE. These ratings surpass the Ford Fusion and the Hyundai Sonata.
Powered by Toyota’s technologically advanced and environmentally-friendly Hybrid Synergy Drive, the Toyota Highlander Hybrid is equipped with a powerful 3.5 L V6 engine, a highly efficient high-speed electric motor and an electronically-controlled variable transmission that flawlessly merges both sources of drive force, resulting in a top combined net horsepower of 280.